Fascia is a connective tissue found throughout the body. It is a thin, tough, and elastic tissue that surrounds and supports muscles, bones, and organs. Fascia provides structural integrity and helps to distribute forces and tension within the body.
One of the key functions of fascia is to transmit mechanical forces generated by muscle contractions. It acts as a continuous network that connects different parts of the body, allowing for coordinated movement and stability. Fascia also plays a role in proprioception, the body's ability to sense its position and movements in space.
In addition to its mechanical functions, fascia is involved in various physiological processes, including inflammation, immune response, and tissue repair. It contains a rich supply of blood vessels, nerves, and cells that contribute to these processes.
Research on fascia has increased in recent years, leading to a better understanding of its role in health and disease. Fascial therapies, such as myofascial release and fascial stretching, have gained popularity as techniques to improve flexibility, reduce pain, and enhance athletic performance.
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Fascial Tensegrity

Tensegrity, derived from the words "tensional integrity," is a structural design principle that utilizes a combination of tension and compression elements to create stable structures. In tensegrity structures, the compression elements (such as rods or struts) do not touch each other directly, but are instead connected by tension elements (such as cables or wires). This unique arrangement allows for a balance of forces, resulting in lightweight and flexible structures that can withstand external loads.
Tensegrity structures have been used in various fields, including architecture, engineering, and biology. They offer advantages such as efficient material usage, adaptability to different environments, and the ability to distribute loads evenly. The concept of tensegrity has also influenced artistic and design disciplines, inspiring innovative and visually striking creations.
Tensegrity principles are not only present in architectural and engineering structures but also in the human body. The human musculoskeletal system exhibits tensegrity properties, where the bones act as compression elements and the muscles, tendons, ligaments and diaphragms act as tension elements. This interconnected network of bones and soft tissues provides stability, flexibility, and efficient load distribution.
In the human body, tensegrity allows for coordinated movement and optimal force transmission. It enables us to maintain balance, withstand external forces, and absorb shocks. Tensegrity within the human system ensures that forces are evenly distributed, reducing the risk of injuries and improving overall performance.
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Fascial Lines

Fascial tensegrity lines, also known as anatomy trains, are conceptual models that describe the interconnectedness and continuity of fascial structures throughout the body. These models propose that fascia forms specific lines or chains that transmit tension and forces in a coordinated manner.
Anatomy Trains, developed by Thomas Myers, is a popular framework that identifies several fascial tensegrity lines. Each line represents a series of interconnected muscles, fascia, and other soft tissues that work together to create functional movement patterns.
Here are some examples of fascial tensegrity lines identified in the Anatomy Trains model
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These fascial tensegrity lines provide a framework for understanding how different parts of the body are interconnected and how tension and forces are transmitted. Dysfunction or restrictions in one part of a line can potentially affect other areas along the same line, leading to imbalances and compensatory patterns.
By considering these fascial lines and their relationships, practitioners can develop targeted interventions to address imbalances and optimize movement efficiency. Techniques such as myofascial release, stretching, and movement retraining can be used to release tension, improve alignment, and restore balance along these lines.
Within Whole Body Breathing, the fascial lines connect to the seven diaphragms and result in the form/structure of the body.
Whole Body Breathing has its own set of fascial lines described loosely as lines belonging to the Hard Outer and Soft Inner

Resources for Further Research and Understanding: